WW4 identité Européenne culturelle et religieuse, contre le cosmopolitisme


Not “really” racist, but clearly sectarian. Advocates for a European Union as a military superpower, a single constitutional entity, that culturally rejects Islam, Buddhism and affirm itself as some sort of Christian Central Kingdom.

Some of his analysis is on point, but his view is mostly reactionary.

I can see nationalist movement using his sudo-intellectual views, and I’m afraid his views may be the views of the age if majority.


USA fought the Cold War in accordance with the theoretical framework postulated by George Kennan in his highly influential article “Sources of Soviet Conduct”, published in Foreign Affairs in its June edition of 1947. Kennan advocated the superiority of the Western way of life over the collectivist ideals of the Soviet Communists which, according to him, needed to be countered by force and contained by anti-Soviet Union alliances. His ideas provided the framework within which American foreign policy was conducted which shaped the world politics during the era before the fall of the Soviet Union.

After the fall of the USSR in 1991, fundamental changes in the objective realities necessitated a new paradigm for the academia and policy makers for understanding international relations. Consequently several ideas started competing to find acceptance with the intellectuals of the world. One such idea was the End of History thesis, postulated by Francis Fukuyama in 1989, two years before the collapse of the Soviet Union.

Francis Fukuyama argued that after the reform in the Soviet Union, the decline in communism, and the emergence of democracy, the humankind had reached an end point in ideological evolution with the triumph of the western ideals of liberal democracy and market mechanism as universally accepted ideological forces. Accordingly,after the collapse of the Soviet Union and the end of the Cold War, he maintained, the world would be dominated by liberal democracies led by the United States. These democracies would be less inclined to go to war with each other and more interested in cooperation to maintain peace in the world.

This view was challenged by his teacher Mr. Samuel P. Huntington in a lecture delivered at the American Enterprise Institute in 1992. Contrary to Fukuyama’s image of the post-Cold War world as a place marked by “perpetual peace” among liberal democracies, Huntington anticipated a world characterized by the clash of civilizations in which the principal conflicts of global politics will be cultural and “they will occur between nations and groups of different civilizations.” He asserted that while the age of ideology had ended, the world had only reverted to a normal state of affairs characterized by cultural conflict.

His views were later published in 1993 as an article titled “The Clash of Civilizations?” in one of the most prestigious magazines, Foreign Affairs. In 1996 Huntington expanded this thesis in a book The Clash of Civilizations and the Remaking of World Order.

(Kindly read the rest at Clash of Civilizations- A Critique)